Community Economies

JK Gibson-Graham

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J.K Gibson-Graham is the pen-name of Katherine Gibson and the late Julie Graham, feminist political economists and economic geographers based at the University of Western Sydney, Australia and the University of Massachusetts Amherst.


Economy as Ecological Livelihood

Ethan Miller, JK Gibson-Graham

This book chapter challenges the conventional separations between "economy" and "ecology," proposing instead a perspective of "ecological livelihoods" in which sustenance is understood as an always-collective process of ethical negotiation involving humans and myriad living others. Drawing on and modifying Gibson-Graham's previous work on "ethical coordinates," we suggest some glimmers of what an ethical economics in an acknowledged more-than-human world might look like.

Gibson-Graham, J.K. and Ethan Miller. "Economy as Ecological Livelihood" in Katherine Gibson, Deborah Bird Rose, and Ruth Fincher (Eds). Manifesto for the Living in the Anthropocene. Brooklyn, NY: Puncum Books.

Being the Revolution, or, How to Live in a “More-Than-Capitalist” World Threatened with Extinction

JK Gibson-Graham

Much of J.K. Gibson-Graham’s work has been aimed at opening up ideas about what action is, both by broadening what is considered action (under the influence of feminist political imaginaries and strategies), and by refusing the old separation between theory and action. But the coming of the Anthropocene forced Julie and I to think more openly about what is the collective that acts. In this lecture I ask: what might it mean for a politics aimed at bringing other words into being to displace humans from the centre of action and to see more-than-human elements as part of the collective that acts? The lecture proceeds with sections discussing 1) elements and limits of a feminist imaginary of possibility, 2) the synergies between a politics of building community economies and the political imaginary of actor network theory, and 3) the materiality of emerging community economy assemblages.


Rethinking Marxism: A Journal of Economics, Culture & Society 26:1: 76-94. 2014. Being the Revolution, or, How to Live in a "More-Than-Capitalist" World Threatened with Extinction

Rethinking the economy with thick description and weak theory

JK Gibson-Graham

This paper was written as part of a suite of papers presented at a Wenner-Gren Foundation Workshop on “Crisis, Value and Hope: Rethinking the Economy”. It brings diverse economy thinking and the practice of weak theorizing to bear on the anthropological interest in producing thick description.


Current Anthropology 59, Supplement (forthcoming) 2014. Link to journal not yet available

Economic Imaginaries

JK Gibson-Graham

This chapter, drawn from previous writings by J.K. Gibson-Graham, is part of a collaboration with artist Sarah Browne for the IrelandVenice 2009 exposition. The piece provides an overview of some of the core thinking that emerged in the 10 years between the publication of The End of Capitalism (1996) and A Postcapitalist Politics (2006).

Thinking with Marx For a Feminist Postcapitalist Politics

Ceren Özselçuk, Esra Erdem, JK Gibson-Graham

The article discusses the theoretical openings accorded by the recognition of economic difference and contingency within the Marxist tradition, exploring their potential contributions towards imagining and enacting a postcapitalist politics of economic transformation and experimentation.


Gibson-Graham, J.K., E. Erdem, C. Özselçuk (2013). "Thinking with Marx For a Feminist Postcapitalist Politics", R. Jaeggi and D. Loick (Eds.) Marx' Kritik der Gesellschaft. Berlin: Akademie Verlag.

Socially Creative Thinking or how experimental thinking creates ‘other worlds’

JK Gibson-Graham

The KATARSIS research project responds to one of the most pressing questions of our times—how to live together? In EU countries this concern has focused on creating conditions for social cohesion, especially by researching the ways that processes of exclusion and inclusion operate. On the global stage the question of how to live together has gained increasing weight in recent times in the light of climate change, public health challenges and economic crisis. Hard-hitting questions about basic needs, consumption levels, capitalist surplus, and the environmental commons that have been suppressed in the language of ‘cohesion’ and ‘inclusion’ are beginning to surface.

Gibson-Graham, J.K. (2009) Socially Creative Thinking: or how experimental thinking creates ‘other worlds’.

Also presented at the Katarsis conference, 2008

The Nitty Gritty of Creating Alternative Economies

JK Gibson-Graham

Amidst widespread concern about “the economy”, this paper explores how academic researchers can contribute to the work underway to create environmentally orientated and socially just economies. We offer the diverse economies framework as a technique with which to cultivate ethical economies.

Gibson-Graham, J.K. and Roelvink, G. 2010, The Nitty Gritty of Creating Alternative Economies, Social Alternatives, Volume 30, Number 1, 2011, pp. 29-33.


A Feminist Project of Belonging for the Anthropocene

JK Gibson-Graham

At the core of J.K. Gibson-Graham’s feminist political imaginary is the vision of a decentralized movement that connects globally dispersed subjects and places through webs of signification. We view these subjects and places both as sites of becoming and as opportunities for belonging. But no longer can we see subjects as simply human and places as human-centered. The ‘arrival’ of the Anthropocene has thrown us onto new terrain.

Gibson-Graham, J.K. 2010, A feminist project of belonging for the Anthropocene,  Gender, Place and Culture - A Journal of Feminist Geography, Volume 18, Number 1, February 2011 , pp. 1-21(21).
Publisher: Routledge, part of the Taylor & Francis Group

Post Developmental Possibilities for Local and Regional Development

JK Gibson-Graham

A post-development approach to world-making has arisen from a critique of the idea that development, especially economic development, is yoked to capitalist growth. This approach extends the long tradition of critique that has accompanied the hegemonic rise of a mainstream development project focused on the „problem‟ of less developed regions of the world. As we see it, the challenge of post-development is not to give up on development, but to imagine and practice development differently. Thus post-development thinking does not attempt to represent the world “as it is,” but the world “as it could be.”

J.K. Gibson-Graham (2010) 'Post-Development Possibilities for Local and Regional Developmen'. in Pike, A., Rodriguez-Pose, A., Tomaney, J., (eds) Handbook of Local and Regional Development, London: Routledge.

An Economic Ethics for the Anthropocene

Gerda Roelvink, JK Gibson-Graham

Faced with the daunting prospect of global warming and the apparent stalemate in the formal political sphere, this paper explores how human beings are transformed by, and transformative of, the world in which we find ourselves.

Gibson-Graham, J.K. and G. Roelvink. 2010. An economic ethics for the Anthropocene, Antipode  41(1), 320-346.

A Postcapitalist Politics of Dwelling

Gerda Roelvink, JK Gibson-Graham

In this essay we draw on community economies and ecological humanities scholarship to tackle perhaps the most pressing question of our time—how do we live together with human and non-human others?

Roevlink, G. and J.K. Gibson-Graham. 2009. A postcapitalist politics of dwelling, Australian Humanities Review 46, 145-158.

Social Innovation for Community Economies

Gerda Roelvink, JK Gibson-Graham

In this chapter we stage a conversation between two innovative and longstanding projects, (1) the multiphase European-based research project on local social innovation that is represented in this book and (2) the Community Economies project which is engaged in rethinking economy through action research in Australia, the Philippines and the US.

Gibson-Graham, J.K. and G. Roelvink. 2009. Social innovation for community economies, in D. MacCallum, F. Moulaert, J. Hillier and S. Haddock (eds) Social Innovation and Territorial Development, Ashgate, Farnham, UK, 25-37.

Diverse economies: performative practices for 'other worlds'

JK Gibson-Graham

Gibson-Graham, JK. 2008. Diverse economies: performative practices for 'other worlds', Progress in Human Geography  32(5), 613-632.

Enabling Ethical Economies: Cooperativism and Class

JK Gibson-Graham

Situates contemporary evaluations of the Îsuccessâ of Spainâs Mondragon cooperative complex within a tradition of debate about the politics of economic transformation and argues for the development of an economics of surplus that can guide ethical decisions in community economies.


Gibson-Graham, J.K. 2003. Enabling Ethical Economies: Cooperativism and Class, Critical Sociology  29(2), 123-161.

An Ethics of the Local

JK Gibson-Graham

Principles and practices for cultivating a local ethics of economic transformation.


Gibson-Graham, J.K. 2003. An Ethics of the Local, Rethinking Marxism 15(1), 49-74.

Feminising the Economy

JK Gibson-Graham, Jenny Cameron

 Exploring how recent feminist thinkers are attempting to add women into the economy.


Cameron J. and J. K. Gibson-Graham. 2003. Feminising the Economy: metaphors, strategies, politics, Gender, Place & Culture 10(2), 145-157.

Beyond Global vs Local: Economic Politics Outside the Binary Frame

JK Gibson-Graham

Offers a counter to the common denigration of local economic politics 'in the face of globalization'.


Gibson-Graham, J.K. 2002. Beyond global vs local: Economic politics outside the binary frame,  in A. Herod and M. Wright (eds) Geographies of power: Placing scale, Blackwell Publishers, Oxford, 25-60.